COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF GENETIC ALGORITHM - SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE AND DEEP LEARNING WITH CONVOLUTIONAL NEURAL NETWORK FOR BRAIN TUMOR DETECTION AND CLASSIFICATION

Abstract
A brain tumor occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain. Many people suffer from brain tumor, and it is a serious and dangerous disease. The detection and classification of brain tumor is an important and difficult task in the medical field. The brain tumor detection technique in the MRI images is very significant in many symptomatic and cure applications. But, as the data in MRI images are of highquality, tumor detection and classification are very hard in this process. Medical imaging plays a major role in properly diagnosing the disease, wherein an essential part in detecting the tumor is image segmentation. The segmentation provides an automatic brain tumor detection technique in order to increase the precision of the yields while also decreasing the diagnosis time. The goal is to detect the tumor from the MRI images and extract the features from the segmented tumor and finally classify it. The image detection and classification process includes image acquisition, image pre-processing, denoising, image segmentation, feature extraction and classification. The input image is pre-processed using Weiner and median filtering and the noise is removed using Edge Adaptive Total Variation Denoising (EATVD) technique. Once the noise is removed from the image, it is used for segmentation process, where Mean Shift Clustering is used. The segmented tumor undergoes features extraction stage, where Gray Level Co- occurrence Matrix (GLCM) features are used. In the last stage, images are classified either as tumorous or non-tumorous. Classification is done using Genetic Algorithm Support Vector Machine (GA-SVM), Deep Learning with Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). Early detection of the tumor region can be achieved without much time lapse in the calculation by using this efficient classifier model. This system presents a prototype for detecting objects based on GA-SVM that classifies images and assesses whether the image is cancerous. While comparing the accuracy and computational time of these classifiers, CNN would provide high accuracy and GASVM with lesser simulation time. The simulation results obtained for brain tumor detection and analysis are done with minimum computational time and with reasonable accuracy. This proposed system is tested using SPL dataset, which consists of 20 cases with 40 image samples of T2 FLAIR weighted MRI image and implemented using MATLAB software.

Authors
D M Mahalakshmi, S Sumathi
PSG College of Technology, India

Keywords
Wiener filter, Edge Adaptive Total Variation Denoising, Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix, Genetic Algorithm Support Vector Machine, Convolutional Neural Network
Published By :
ICTACT
Published In :
ICTACT Journal on Image and Video Processing
( Volume: 10 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication :
May 2020
DOI :

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