In the medical industry, the amount of data that can be collected and kept is currently increasing. As a result, in order to handle these large amounts of data efficiently, compression methods must be re-examined while taking the algorithm complexity into account. An image processing strategy should be explored to eliminate the duplication image contents, so boosting the capability to retain or transport data in the best possible manner. Image Compression (IC) is a method of compressing images as they are being stored and processed. The information is preserved in a lossless image compression technique which allows for exact image reconstruction from compressed data with retain the quality of image to higher possible extend but it does not significantly decrease the size of the image. In this research work, the encoding algorithm is applied to various medical images such as brain image, dental x-ray image, hand x ray images, breast mammogram images and skin image can be used to minimize the bit size of the image pixels based on the different encoding algorithm such as Huffman, Lempel-Ziv-Welch (LZW) and Run Length Encoding (RLE) for effective compression and decompression without any quality loss to reconstruct the image. The image processing toolbox is used to apply the compression algorithms in MATLAB. To assess the compression efficiency of various medical images using different encoding techniques and performance indicators such as Compression Ratio (CR) and Compression Factor (CF). The LZW technique compresses binary images; however, it fails to generate a lossless image in this implementation. Huffman and RLE algorithms have a lower CR value, which means they compress data more efficiently than LZW, although RLE has a larger CF value than LZW and Huffman. When fewer CR and more CF are recorded, RLE coding becomes more viable. Finally, using state-of-the-art methodologies for the sample medical images, performance measures such as PSNR and MSE is retrieved and assessed.

T. Sujatha1, K. Selvam2
Dr. MGR Educational and Research Institute, India1,2

Lossless Image Compression, Huffman Coding, Lempel-Ziv-Weich, Run Length Encoding
Published By :
Published In :
ICTACT Journal on Image and Video Processing
( Volume: 12 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication :
May 2022

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