BER PERFORMANCE COMPARISON OF MIMO SYSTEMS USING OSTBC WITH ZF AND ML DECODING

Abstract
Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) systems with multiple antenna elements at both transmitter and receiver ends are an efficient solution for wireless communication systems. They provide high data rates by exploiting the spatial domain under the constraints of limited bandwidth and transmit power. Space-Time Block Coding (STBC) is a MIMO transmit strategy which exploits transmit diversity and provides high reliability. Implementation of orthogonal space-time block codes (OSTBCs) for a two transmitter–two receiver system under AWGN (Additive White Gaussian Noise) channel and flat fading channel is performed. Alamouti code is employed for the STBC. The modulation techniques used are BPSK, QPSK and 16-QAM. Decoding is done using the Zero Forcing (ZF) algorithm and Maximum Likelihood (ML) algorithm. The BER Performance of each modulation scheme is compared with the un-coded version of the same. Performance comparison between the two decoding techniques is also done. It is found that ML detection offers a slightly better performance for BPSK and QPSK system than ZF detection.

Authors
Zenitha Rehman, H.M. Savitha
St Joseph Engineering College, India

Keywords
Alamouti Code, Flat Fading, STBC, ZFD, MLD
Published By :
ICTACT
Published In :
ICTACT Journal on Communication Technology
( Volume: 5 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication :
December 2014

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